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Handler Services 
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  RELATED INFORMATION
VASP
Pasteurization of Almonds
Almond Marketing Order

Quality Control of Almonds

(a) Incoming. Except as provided in this paragraph, each handler shall cause to be determined, through the inspection agency, and at handler expense, the percent of inedible kernels in each variety received by him and shall report the determination to the Board. The quantity of inedible kernels in each variety in excess of two percent of the kernel weight received, shall constitute a weight obligation to be accumulated in the course of processing and shall be delivered to the Board, or Board accepted crushers, feed manufacturers, or feeders. The Board, with the approval of the Secretary, may change this percentage for any crop year, may authorize additional outlets, may exempt bleaching stock from inedible kernel determination or obligation and may establish rules and regulations necessary and incidental to the administration of this provision, including the method of determining inedible kernel content and satisfaction of the disposition obligation. The Board for good cause may waive portions of obligations for those handlers not generating inedible material from such sources as blanching or manufacturing.

(b) Outgoing. For any crop year the Board may establish, with the approval of the Secretary, such minimum quality and inspection requirements applicable to almonds to be handled or to be processed into manufactured products, as will contribute to orderly marketing or be in the public interest. In such crop year, no handler shall handle or process almonds into manufactured items or products unless they meet the applicable requirements as evidenced by certification acceptable to the Board. The Board, with the approval of the Secretary, may establish rules and regulations necessary and incidental to the administration of this provision.

Inedible kernel

(c) Definition. Inedible kernel means a kernel, piece, or particle of almond kernel with any defect scored as serious damage, or damage due to mold, gum, shrivel, or brown sport, as defined in the United States Standards for Shelled Almonds, or which has embedded dirt not easily removed by washing. This definition may be modified by the Board with the approval of Secretary: Provided, that the Board shall submit any recommendation for modification to the Secretary not later than August 1.

Adjusted kernel weight

(d) Definition. Adjusted kernel weight shall mean the actual gross weight of any lot of almonds: Less weight of containers; less moisture of kernels in excess of five percent; less shells, if applicable; less processing loss of one percent for deliveries with less than 95 percent kernels; less trash or other foreign material. The adjusted kernel weight shall be determined by sampling certified by the inspection agency.

(e) Computation. The computation of adjusted kernel weight shall be in the manner shown in the following examples. The examples are based on the analysis of a 1,000 gram sample taken from a lot of almonds weighing 10,000 pounds with less than 95 percent kernels, and a 1,000 gram sample taken from a lot of almonds weighing 10,000 pounds with 95 percent or more kernels. The first computation example is for the lot with less than 95 percent kernels containing the following: Edible kernels, 530 grams; inedible kernels, 120 grams; foreign material, 350 grams, and moisture content of kernels, seven percent. Excess moisture is two percent. The second computation example is for the lot with 95 percent or more kernels containing the following: Edible kernels, 840 grams; inedible kernels, 120 grams; foreign material, 40 grams; and moisture content of kernels, seven percent. Excess moisture is two percent. The example computations are as follows:

 

Computation No. 1   

Computation No. 2  

 

Percent of sample

Weight (pounds)

Percent of sample

 Weight (pounds)

 1.  Actual gross weight of deliver

 

10,000

 

10,000

 2.  Percent of edible kernel weight

53

 

84

 

 3.  Less weight loss in processing1

1.00

 

0

 

 4.  Less excess moisture of edible kernels (excess moisture x line 2)

1.06

 

1.68

 

5.  Net percent shell out (line 2 - line 3 and 4)

50.94

 

82.32

6.  Net edible kernels (line 5 x line 1)

 

5,094

 

8,232

7.  Percent of inedible kernels (from sample)

12

 

12

8.  Less excess moisture of inedible kernels (excess moisture from sample x line7)

.24

 

.24

9.  Net percent inedible kernels (line 7-line 8)

11.76

 

11.76

10.  Total inedible kernels (line 9 x line 1)

 

1,176

 

1,176

11.  Adjusted kernel weight (line 6 + line 10)

 

6,270

 

9,408

1 Only applies to deliveries with less than 95 percent kernels.

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